Using infrasound for the detection of explosions, sounding the stratosphere or measuring ocean waves first requires a better understanding of how waves make infrasound. Marine De Carlo took up that challenge less than 3 years ago. Viva is broadcast live (in French) ar 4PM,15/12/2020 on
Global mean sea level rise is an important indicator and direct consequence of global warming. This rise has increased continuously since the early 20th century, due to two factors: (1) thermal expansion of ocean waters as they have warmed and (2) the addition of an increasing amount of freshwater from ice sheets, glaciers and rivers (i.e. increased “ocean mass“). Various ‘direct’ measurements of sea level rise have become possible during the last ~30 years (the satellite era), however methods that measure ocean mass are the least certain and reveal disagreements when combined. In this study, we investigated the global ocean salt budget as an alternative approach for estimating changes in ocean mass. In other words, we used the observed ‘freshening’ of t he global oceans to infer the mass change that must have occurred in order to produce it. The global network of Argo floats provides an unprecedented global record of salinity and temperature measurements for the upper 2000 meters of the oceans. We used all available Argo data – combined with high quality hydrographic measurements from World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) hydrographic program and the Global Ocean Ship-Based Hydrographic Investigations Program (GO-SHIP) – to estimate an ocean mass trend for 2005-2015 of 1.30 ± 1.13 mm per year. This trend has been corrected to exclude melt from floating sea ice, which does not affect sea level. Adding in measurements of salinity changes in the deep ocean (>2000m depth) increases our estimate of ocean mass trend for 2005-2015 to 1.55 ± 1.20 mm per year. Our new ocean mass trends are smaller than some previous direct estimates, though not statistically different given the large uncertainties involved. More investigations are needed to reduce these uncertainties. Specifically, the Argo network of salinity and temperature measurements are not equally distributed around the globe, and the current generation of Argo floats do not operate below 2000m depth. New hydrographic missions and observing systems are needed to continuously sample the temperature and salinity changes for the deep ocean, the high latitude regions and some coastal areas.
L'Agence Spatiale Européenne annoncera en septembre la sélection pour le 9ème Earth Explorer: SKIM ou FORUM. Toutes les études sur SKIM, et en particulier l'analyse de la campagne DRIFT4SKIM sont en cours de finalisation.
The global challenges that humankind is called to face highlight the need for establishing innovative algorithms and technologies to enable the transition from data to knowledge, and foster the consolidation of a science-informed decision-making process.
For a successful implementation of this value chain, the development of science-based algorithms clearly represents a crucial phase. We will analyse the latest updates on the application of machine learning methods to ocean patterns and the ocean regimes indicators in the context of Blue-Cloud.
Le navire de recherche L'Atalante a appareillé de Brest ce jeudi 11 février pour un mois de mesure des vagues dans le golfe de Gascogne, avec plusieurs rendez-vous avec CFOSAT, sous la direction de Peter Sutherland du LOPS.
The series of EU-funded JERICO projects is about to start a third edition with the JERICO-S3 project. It follows JERICO-FP7 (2011-2014) and JERICO-NEXT (2015-2019). JERICO stands for Joint European Research Infrastructure of Coastal Observatories. The RI is coordinated by Ifremer since its start in 2011 and aims at improving collaboration and harmonisation between coastal observatories in Europe. After 8 years of project, its objective is to build a pan European sustainable Research Infrastructure: the JERICO-RI.
LOPS leads the production of the new reference dataset for the study of ocean wave climate with version 1.0 of the ESA Sea State Climate Change Initiative, allowing unprecedented studies of ocean waves across the global ocean
Comprendre l'effet des vagues sur la glace de mer: c'est l'objectif du projet ERC WAAXT et de cette première campagne de préparation ...